But this fact in no wise affects the cor rectness of his statement of the experimental method. The Baconian plan of research, avoiding technicalities, may be said to contain four important ideas, all of which have been approved and employed in subsequent scientific procedure. His first and fundamental idea is Adidas Gazelle Clear Grey that of observation. Bacon never wearies of reminding us that the mind must be brought into direct contact with things. In the study of nature, we may see, he believes, by the " ray direct. " To avoid verbalism, dogmatism or am biguity, it is necessary that the mind should be open to the facts, and that it should follow their leading.
ular izer of experimental method. The incompleteness of the Baconian method is the incompleteness of the experimental method. Although he did not by any means ignore it, it is true that Bacon did not ade quately realize the importance of the quantitative or mathematical formulation of scientific laws. Adidas Gazelle Lush Pink
the importance of study ing all phenomena that develop, in different stages of their development. In the particular case of anatomy, he called attention to the importance of studying the structure of organs in their simpler forms, and usin.
But, thirdly, it is necessary to supplement observation of the natural course of events with artificial experiments. Nature, like men, will reveal her secrets only when put to the torture. Bacon was a con sistent advocate of the first hand manipulation of natural bodies. He saw this to be the only Adidas Originals Gazelle Indoor Sneakers Black
"We can ^nly conquer nature by first obeying her. " But Bacon understood the iruitlessness of desul tory observation. For purposes of explanation all /acts are not equally significant. Hence, secondly, he was led to define certain methods or canons of induction. It was Bacon who first called attention to the importance of " glaring " or " striking " instances, in which the phenomenon under investigation is thrown into relief " parallel " instances, which per mit of the argument from analogy and " crucial " instances, which serve as tests of contrary hypotheses. From Bacon, Mill derived the methods to which he gave such prominence in his Logic, the methods, namely, of " agreement," " difference " and " concomitant variation. " By means of these methods it is possible to single out from among the circumstances attending or preceding the phenomenon to be explained, that which is its probable cause. That which is present when the phenomenon is present, which is absent when the phenomenon is absent, and which shows like quantitative changes, may be assumed to be connected with the phenomenon, and to point the way to its ex planation.
method of study which afforded any prospect of laying bare the more " subtle " physical phenomena, such as heat, light and the transmutation of substances. The later development of physics and chemistry not only confirmed this judgment, but in several signal cases fulfilled definite predictions which Bacon based on it. Fourthly, Bacon recommended the comparative and historical method. He was one of the first to appreciate Adidas Gazelle Claret And Blue
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