His brilliant literary gifts, his imagination, his sanguine temperament, his breadth of view and his native regard for utility, the very qualities that helped to unfit him for exact research, made him the most important medium through which the idea of discovery, or of intellectual conquest, has gradually become the hope of mankind. 496 TEE POPULAR SCIENCE MONTHLYII. The Baconian Reform. This idea was defined by Bacon largely in opposition to what Adidas Gazelle Mint he believed to be the blindness and errors of his own and earlier times. Philosophical literature nowhere else contains so acute and so comprehensive an examination of man's intellectual bad habits. Bacon's criticisms may conveniently be brought together under four heads. First, he defined the persistent error of anthropomorphism.
It is customary for man Adidas Gazelle Og Trainers In Forest Green
" idols of the den " or the prejudices peculiar to the individual. But if he is to view nature as it is, he must efface himself. Second, he found the thought of his own time to suffer peculiarly from conventionality. It was customary for men Adidas Gazelle Trainers Sale Uk
Third, it was customary in Bacon's time, to a degree th.
Bacon, have been born three hundred and fifty years ago, is nevertheless modern, in the sense that he is identified with important ideas which are now generally held to be true. This brief summary aims to present the Bacon that is living to day in our common opinion, in our expert knowledge, and in our dominant ideals. Any one who considers Bacon in relation to European civilization of the modern period must be impressed with the degree to which he represents its progressive ideas. Those characteristics of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries which are most marked in Bacon are the characteristics in which they anticipate later centuries. It is possible for our immediate purposes to reduce these characteristics to one: the disposition, namely, to look for a betterment of human life from the advancement of knowledge. "Advancement of knowledge" does not here mean the education of the individual, but the winning of new truths by the race and for the good of the race. We may call this the spirit of discovery, where "discovery" is used both in the theoretical and in the practical sense. Bacon himself was not a discoverer of new scientific truths, but the discoverer of the art of discovery.
to fashion things after himself. He is deceived by what Bacon calls the " idols of the tribe " or the prejudices character istic of human nature in general, and by the Womens Adidas Gazelle Navy And Pink
to accept what was current and supported by general opinion. There are two important means through which arbitrary or ungrounded ideas are foisted upon belief language, which gives rise to what Bacon calls the " idols of the market place," and established systems, or theories which have the stage, and which give rise to what Bacon calls the " idols of the theatre. " In the interests of truth it is necessary to guard against the suggestive power of words, which are often obscure or even meaning less, and against the inertia of doctrines that have acquired repute and prestige.
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